Annotated Bibliography

1.) Christodoulou, Irene. Obese or anorexic? let us choose. General format. Retrieved from

This editorial by Irene Christodoulou in The New York Times reflects on the authors concerns with obesity in children. She believes that children should be taught how to eat, using tricks and games in order to get them to choose healthy options. Christodoulou discusses how mothers and teachers have to ability to resolve eating issues, as long as the effort is put in. This was a very interesting article that I agree with, for the most part. I think that a lot of times, eating disorders need serious attention from professionals, but I do believe that eating disorders can be avoided. If children are taught at a young age by their parents and teachers to eat healthily, there is a better chance of them continuing those habits throughout their entire life. Children with parents and teachers that do not encourage good eating habits are more likely to become obese.

2.) (December 2011). The school lunch barometer. The New York Times. General format. Retrieved from

This is an analytical article that discusses how the economic downturn has caused previously middle-class families to now be considered poor and eligible for free lunch. A recent statistic showed that the amount of children receiving subsidized lunch rose from 18 million to 21 million in the year 2006-2007… this is a 17% increase. More children are receiving school meals so it is very important for schools to have healthy options. This article provided me with very important statistics that I used to better my argument in my presentation.

3.) Gunderson, Gordon W. National school lunch program (NSLP): public concern, action and status. Food and Nutrition Service. Retrieved from

This reputable website discusses the effects of the NSLP and the demands that schools and parents have for school lunches. There were debates stating that students should go home to have lunch due to the lack of meals served by the school. These statistics were taken in the 1960’s, and are definitely outdates, but interesting to compare to todays recent statistics.

4.) Mirtcheva, Donka M., Lisa M. Powell. (October 2009). Participation in the national school lunch program: importance of school-level and neighborhood contextual factors. National Institute of Health. Retrieved from

This scholarly article discusses the eligibility of the prospective participants for NSLP, as well as the statistics on the nonparticipants. It also examined the association between participants receiving NLSP and free/reduced price NSLP. It also discussed the nutritional standards that are required in serving the school lunches through the NSLP. In 2004-2005, 85% of schools offered lunches that met the standards for protein, vitamins, calcium, and iron, but only a quarter of them met the total fat requirements.

“Forty-nine percent of school lunches served are free, 10% were bought at reduced price, and 41% at full price. Almost 94% of children attended schools offering the school lunch program, and among those children 20.5% never ate the school lunch, whereas 58.4% had school lunches 5 times a week.”

I took this quote from the author to use the statistics in my presentation to support my argument.

5.) Pittman, DW., Parker, JS., Getz, BR., Jackson, CM., Le, Riggs, SB., and Shay, JM. Cost-free and sustainable incentive increases healthy eating decisions during elementary school lunch. National Institute of Technology. Retrieved from

This scholarly article breaks down an experiment that was done in Spartanburg County, South Carolina. The aim of this experiment was to influence healthier eating decisions in elementary school lunches. This article discussed the statistics for obese children in the world, and the effects that school lunches have had on them.